For a recent and complete overview of publications by the associates and PhD fellows affiliated with BECCLE, please visit their professional websites through here and here


  • Reme, Bjørn-Atle, Helene Lie Røhr, and Morten Sæthre. “Inattention in Contract Markets: Evidence from a Consolidation of Options in Telecom.” Management Science 68.2 (2022): 1019-1038.
  • Juranek, Steffen, Øivind Anti Nilsen, and Simen A. Ulsaker. “Bank consolidation, interest rates, and risk: A post-merger analysis based on loan-level data from the corporate sector.” Journal of Competition Law and Economics (forthcoming).
  • Arve, Malin, Øystein Foros, and Hans Jarle Kind. “Access price structure and entrant build-or-buy incentives in mobile markets.” Journal of Regulatory Economics 61.1 (2022): 67-87.


  • Cosnita-Langlais, Andreea, Bjørn Olav Johansen, and Lars Sørgard. “Upward pricing pressure in two-sided markets: Incorporating rebalancing effects.” International Journal of Industrial Organization 74 (2021): 102692.
  • Hvide, Hans K., and Yanren Zhang. “Too big to succeed? Overstaffing in firms.” Journal of Economics & Management Strategy 30.4 (2021): 784-798.
  • Lømo, Teis Lunde, and Simen A. Ulsaker. “Lump‐Sum Payments and Retail Services: A Relational Contracting Perspective.” The Journal of Industrial Economics 69.1 (2021): 131-168.
  • Arve, Malin, and Olga Chiappinelli. “The role of budget constraints in sequential elimination tournaments.” The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 123.4 (2021): 1059-1087.
  • Friberg, Richard, Frode Steen, and Simen A. Ulsaker. Hump-shaped cross-price effects and the extensive margin in cross-border shopping. American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, (2021).
  • Foros, Øystein, Mai Nguyen-Ones, and Frode Steen. “The Effects of a Day Off from Retail Price Competition: Evidence on Consumer Behavior and Firm Performance in Gasoline Retailing.” International Journal of the Economics of Business 28.1 (2021): 49-87.
  • Brekke, Kurt R., et al. “Hospital competition in a national health service: Evidence from a patient choice reform.” Journal of health economics 79 (2021).
  • Letterie, Wilko, and Øivind A. Nilsen. “Pricing Behaviour and Menu Costs in Multi‐product Firms.” Economica (2021).
  • Nilsen, Øivind A., Håvard Skuterud, and Ingeborg Munthe-Kaas Webster. “Price change synchronization within and between firms.” Economics Letters 208 (2021): 110067.
  • Ronny Gjendemsjø, “Skyldkravet i konkurranseretten: Hva skal forsettet dekke?”, Tidsskrift for forretningsjus, (2021), s. 234-262.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, Ex Post Assessment of European Competition Policy: Buyer Power in Concentration Cases, in De Valois Turk, Maurice; Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio, in Komninos, Assimakis; Petit, Nicolas (eds) “Ex Post Evaluation of Competition Cases” (Wolters Kluwer, 2021), p. 97 – 150.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, Extraterritorial Effects of EU Law Over Gas Pipelines: The Case of Gazprom and Nord Stream 2, in Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio; Rodrigues, Nuno Cunha, in Rodrigues, Nuno Cunha (ed) Extraterritoriality of EU Economic Law (Springer, 2021), 32 pages.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, Is EU Competition Law a Hindrance for Aggregated Demand Response?, in Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio in Perales Visca, María del Pilar; Robles Martín Laborda, Antonio (eds) The digital economy: regulatory, contractual and competition aspects (Tirant Lo Blanch, 2021), p. 299-346.


  • Dubois, Pierre, and Morten Sæthre. “On the effect of parallel trade on manufacturers’ and retailers’ profits in the pharmaceutical sector.” Econometrica 88.6 (2020): 2503-2545.
  • Mauring, Eeva. “Informational cycles in search markets.” American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 12.4 (2020): 170-92.
  • Lømo, Teis Lunde. “Vertical control, opportunism, and risk sharing.” Economics Letters 191 (2020): 109114.
  • Cazaubiel, Arthur, et al. “Substitution between online distribution channels: Evidence from the Oslo hotel market.” International Journal of Industrial Organization 69 (2020): 102577.
  • Pires, Armando J. Garcia. “Content Provision in the Media Market with Single-Homing and Multi-Homing Consumers.” Review of Network Economics 19.1 (2020): 43-83.
  • Ulsaker, Simen A. “Competing buyers, rent extraction and inefficient exclusion.” International Journal of Industrial Organization 68 (2020): 102556.
  • Watson, Joel, David A. Miller, and Trond E. Olsen. “Relational contracting, negotiation, and external enforcement.” American Economic Review 110.7 (2020): 2153-97.
  • Steen, Frode, and Eirik Østerud. “Norwegian cartels: Law, policy, registration and practice under the price and competition act between 1954 and 1993.” Oslo Law Review 7.2 (2020): 84-104.
  • Eirik Østerud, Ronny Gjendemsjø og Ingrid Margrethe Halvorsen Barlund, “Norwegian Competition Law and Policy & the Digital Economy”, rapport for FIDE-kongressen i Haag 2021, Eleven International Publishing, ISBN 978-94-6236-130-0, (2020).
  • Ingrid Margrethe Halvorsen Barlund, “Commitment Decisions within EU and EEA Competition Law – A Treath to Judicial Review and Effective Private Enforcemen?”, Tidsskrift for forretningsjus, vol. 22, 1, (2020), s. 121-147.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Is Hywind Tampen’s State Aid Approval a Kickstart for the Norwegian Offshore Wind Industry?”, European State Aid Law Quarterly. Vol 19/2 (2020). 7 pages.
  • Ronny Gjendemsjø and Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Regulating the food supply chain in Europe and the Unfair Trading Practices Directive”, Revue Européenne de Droit de la Consommation, (Vol 2020 (2), p. 165-188.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Buyer Power in Agreements and Abuse of Market Power Cases”, in Jenny, Frédéric; Charbit, Nicolas (eds), 2020 Competition Case Law Digest – A Synthesis of EU, US and National Leading Cases, (Instute de Droit de la Concurrence – Concurrences, 2020), p. 53-66.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui and Christian Bergqvist, The role of state aid law in energy, in Hunter, Tina Soliman; Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio; Crossley, Penelope; Álvarez, Gloria (eds), “Routledge Handbook of Energy Law” (Routledge, 2020), p. 123-139.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui and Christian Bergqvist, Uses and abuses of EU competition law in Energy, in Hunter, Tina Soliman; Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio; Crossley, Penelope; Álvarez, Gloria (eds), Routledge Handbook of Energy Law (Routledge, 2020), p. 107-122.
  • Nilsen, Øivind A., Arvid Raknerud, and Diana-Cristina Iancu. “Public R&D support and firm performance: A multivariate dose-response analysis.” Research Policy 49.7 (2020): 104067.
  • Brekke, Kurt R., et al. “How Does The Type of Remuneration Affect Physician Behavior? Fixed Salary versus Fee-for-Service.” American Journal of Health Economics 6.1 (2020): 104-138.


  • Hyytinen, Ari, Frode Steen, and Otto Toivanen. “An anatomy of cartel contracts.” The Economic Journal 129.621 (2019): 2155-2191.
  • Fjell, Kenneth, and Debashis Pal. “On repeated myopic use of the inverse elasticity pricing rule.” Economics Letters 175 (2019): 12-14.
  • Kvaløy, Ola, and Trond E. Olsen. “Relational Contracts, Multiple Agents, and Correlated Outputs.” Management Science 65.11 (2019): 5360-5370.
  • Linda Midtun; Kristian Strømsnes, Skjønnhet i oppdragsgivers plikt til å avvise tilbud, Artikkel til Rett i Cest. Festskrift til 50-årsjubileet for jurist-utdanningen ved Universitetet i Bergen, Fagbokforlaget (2019) (ISBN 9788245027945), s. 449-460.
  • Halvard Haukeland Fredriksen, “Ex Officio Application of EU Consumer Protection Law in Norwegian Courts” (sammen med Magne Strandberg), i: Civil Procedure and Harmonisation of Law. Intersentia 2019 ISBN 9781780686936. s. 171-191.
  • Tore Lunde, Artikkel i Integritet og ære: festskrift til Henry John Mæland, 2019, s. 401-411, «Konkurranseretten i møte med grunnleggande prosessuelle rettar og prinsipp.»
  • Tore Lunde, Artikkel til festskrift til Det juridiske fakultets 50-årsjubileum september 2019: «Det juridiske fakultet og konkurranseretten»
  • Tore Lunde, Artikkel til festskrift til Det juridiske fakultets 50-årsjubileum september 2019 (sammen med postdoktor Torger Kielland og førsteamanuensis Knut Martin Tande): «Immaterialrettens europeisering».
  • Ronny Gjendemsjø and Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, Unfair trading practices in the food supply chain – On-Topic Special Issue, Editorial, Concurrences (Review N. 3, September 2019 – published in the 2019-2020 Issue “Best of Concurrences”). 5 pages.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui,Transmission Networks in Electricity Competition: Third-Party Access and Unbundling – a Transatlantic Perspective (Acceso a las Redes de Transmisión de Electricidad y Separación Efectiva: Una Perspectiva Transatlántica), in Ruiz Peris, Juan Ignacio, Cerdá Martínez-Pujalte, Carmen (ed) “Competencia en mercados con recursos esenciales compartidos: telecomunicaciones y energía” (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2019). 37 pages.
  • Ronny Gjendemsjø and Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, The Scope for National Regulation of Unfair Trading Practices, in Gjertsen, Johan; Konow, Berte-Elen (eds.) “Festskrift til Det juridiske fakultet, Universitet i Bergen” (Fagbokforlaget, 2019). 23 pages.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, Collaborative cross-border centralized public procurement: Where are we and where are we going to?, in Assis Raimundo, Miguel (ed), “Centralização e Agregação de Compras Públicas- Reflexões Sobre uma Tendência Actual da Contratação Pública” (Livraria Almedina, 2019). 35 pages.
  • Nilsen, Øivind A., and Magne Vange. “Intermittent Price Changes in Production Plants: Empirical Evidence Using Monthly Data.” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 81.1 (2019): 98-122.
  • Brekke, Kurt R., et al. “Competition and physician behaviour: Does the competitive environment affect the propensity to issue sickness certificates?.” Journal of health economics 66 (2019): 117-135.


  • Cosnita-Langlais, Andreea, and Lars Sørgard. “Enforcement and Deterrence in Merger Control: The Case of Merger Remedies.” Review of Law & Economics 14(3), (2018).
  • Hyytinen, Ari, Frode Steen, and Otto Toivanen. “Cartels uncovered.” American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 10.4 (2018): 190-222.
  • Brekke, K. R., Siciliani, L., & Straume, O. R. (2018). Can competition reduce quality?.
  • Gabrielsen, Tommy Staahl, Bjørn Olav Johansen, and Teis Lunde Lømo. “Resale Price Maintenance In Two‐Sided Markets.” The Journal of Industrial Economics 66.3 (2018): 570-609.
  • Brekke, Kurt R., et al. “Socio‐economic status and physicians’ treatment decisions.” Health economics 27.3 (2018): e77-e89.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui; Linda Midtun; Kristian Strømsnes, Services Concessions. “Directive 2014/23 on the award of concession contracts. A comparative study of its transposition into Norwegioan law”, in Service Concessions in the EU, Forlaget Thomson (2018) (ISBN 978-84-9177-232-3), s. 237-278
  • Halvard Haukeland Fredriksen, “The EFTA Court”, i: The Legitimacy of International Trade Courts and Tribunals. Cambridge University Press 2018 ISBN 9781108335690. s. 138-181.
  • Ronny Gjendemsjø and Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Evaluating the Commission’s Proposal for a Directive on Unfair Trading Practices. Competition in Fairness?”, European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe), Vol. 2, No. 4 (2018). Pages 1-10.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Buyer Power in Merger Control: A Case Law Overview, e-Competitions Special Issue on Buyer Powers & Mergers” (February 2018). No. 86095.
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Buyer Power in Cartel and Dominance cases: A Case Law Overview, e-Competitions Special Issue on Buyer Powers & Mergers” (April 2018). No. 86351.


  • Gabrielsen, Tommy Staahl, and Bjørn Olav Johansen. “Resale price maintenance with secret contracts and retail service externalities.” American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 9.1 (2017): 63-87.
  • Mauring, Eeva. “Learning from trades.” The Economic Journal 127.601 (2017): 827-872.
  • Brekke, Kurt R., Luigi Siciliani, and Odd Rune Straume. “Horizontal mergers and product quality.” Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d’économique 50.4 (2017): 1063-1103.
  • Brekke, Kurt R., et al. “Capital taxation and imperfect competition: ACE vs. CBIT.” Journal of Public Economics 147 (2017): 1-15.
  • Kolstad, Ivar, Armando J. Garcia Pires, and Arne Wiig. “Within-group heterogeneity and group dynamics: Analyzing exit of microcredit groups in Angola.” Oxford Development Studies 45.3 (2017): 338-351.
  • Garcia-Pires, Armando J., Hans Jarle Kind, and Lars Sørgard. “The effects of strategic news sources on media coverage.” Information Economics and Policy 41 (2017): 28-35.
  • Pires, Armando Jose Garcia. “Media plurality: private versus mixed duopolies.” Journal of Public Economic Theory 18.6 (2016): 942-960.
  • Garcia Pires, Armando J. “Media pluralism and competition.” European journal of law and economics 43.2 (2017): 255-283.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka, “The Applicability and Application of the Market Economy Investor Principle: Lessons Learnt from the Financial Crisis”, European State Aid Law Quarterly, (2017) 16(4) , pp. 512 – 526.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka, “BP Chemicals: Lessons to Be Recalled in the Context of Applying the MEIP to Consecutive State Measures in the Financial Sector”, Milestones in State Aid Case Law EStAL’s First 15 Years in Perspective, Lexxion (2017), pp. 2-15.
  • Gabrielsen, Tommy Staahl and Bjørn Olav Johansen, “Resale price maintenance with secret contracts and retail service externalities”, American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, (2017) 9(1), pp. 63-87.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka, “TFIH Holding and FIH Erhvervsbank v European Commission ∙ T 386/14 ∙ Annotation on the Judgment of the General Court (Sixth Chamber) of 15 September 2016 in Case T 386/14 FIH Holding and FIH Erhvervsbank v European Commission”, European State Aid Law Quarterly, (2017) 16(1), pp. 86-92
  • Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio, and Nowag, “Julian Buyer Power in the Big Data and Algorithm Driven World: The Uber & Lift Example”, Antitrust Chronicle, (2017) Vol 1: 31-36.
  • Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio, “Joint Bidding and Object Restrictions of Competition: The EFTA Court’s Take in the ‘Taxi Case’”, European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe), Vol. 1, No. 2, p 1-6, (2017)


  • Øyvind Nilsen, Lars Sørgard, Simen Ulsaker, “Upstream merger in a successive oligopoly: who pays the price?”, International Journal of Industrial Organization, 48, 143-172, 2016.
  • Simen Ulsaker, “Interlocking relationships and quantity rationing”, Economic Letters, 146, 47-49, 2016.
  • Simon Anderson, Hans Jarle Kind and Øystein Foros, “Competition for advertisers and for viewers in media markets”, Economic Journal, (2016)
  • Kurt Brekke, Chiara Canta and Odd Rune Straume, “Reference pricing with endogenous generic entry”, Journal of Health Economics, (2016)
  • Kurt Brekke, Luigi Siciliani and Odd Rune Straumem “Hospital Mergers with Regulated Prices”, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, (2016)
  • Jensen, Sissel and Lars Sørgard, “Fine Schedule With Heterogeneous Cartels: Are the Wrong Cartels Deterred?”, Journal of Competition Law & Economics, 12(2), 263-77, 2016.
  • Kurt Brekke, Rosella Levaggi, Luigi Siciliani, and Odd Rune Straume, “Patient Mobility and Health Care Quality when Regions and Patients Differ in Income”, Journal of Health Economics, (2016)
  • H.J. Kind, T. Nilssen and L. Sørgard, “Inter-firm Price Coordination in a Two-sided Market”, International Journal of Industrial Organization, 44(1), pp. 101-112, (2016)
  • C. Canta and M-L. Leroux, “Public and Private Hospitals, Congestion, and Redistribution”, Journal of Public Economic Theory, 18 (1), pp. 42-66, (2016)
  • Simen Ulsaker, “Menu contracts and the division of profits in vertical relationships”, Economics Letters, 138, pp. 72-74, (2016)
  • S. Juranek, “Creating a National Champion – International Competition and Unbundling in Rails Transportation”, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 50 (1), pp. 56-75, (2016)
  • Albert Sanchez-Graells and Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Revisiting the concept of undertaking from a public procurement law perspective — a discussion on EasyPay and Finance Engineering”, European Competition Law Review, (2016) Vol. 37, No. 3, p. 93-98
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, Book review of “Public Procurement and the EU Competition Rules (2nd Edition). Albert Sánchez Graells (Hart Publishing 2015)”. European Competition Law Review, (2016). Vol. 37, No. 2, p. 84-87
  • Albert Sanchez-Graells and Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Impact of Public Procurement Aggregation on Competition: Risks, Rationale and Justification for the Rules in Directive 2014/24” in Valcárcel Fernández P (ed), Compra conjunta y demanda agregada en la contratación del sector público Un análisis jurídico y económico (Thomson-Aranzadi 2016), p. 129-163
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “The Social Market Economy and the European Union” in Anischuk NVK, Mykhailo (ed), Історико-правовий вимір інтеграційного процесу у новий та новітній час (Historical and Legal Views on the Integration Process During the Modern and Contemprorary Era) (2016), p. 74-79
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, Book review of “Aims and Values in Competition Law”. Caroline Heide-Jørgensen; Christian Bergqvist; Ulla Neergaard; Sune Troels Poulsen (Eds.) DJØF Publishing, Copenhagen, 2013)”, Competition Law Review, Volume 11, Issue 2, p. 1-4
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Division into Lots and Demand Aggregation – Extremes Looking for the Correct Balance?” in GS Ølykke & A Sánchez-Graells (eds), Reformation or Deformation of the EU Public Procurement Rules in 2014, (2016), Cheltenham, Edward Elgar
  • Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui, “Buyer power exploitation: Unfair Purchasing Practices”, in Cachafeiro García, Fernando; García Pérez, Rafael; López Suárez, Marcos (eds), “Derecho de la Competencia y Gran Distribución” (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2016). 73 pages.


  • Ulsaker, Simen A., “Menu contracts and the division of profits in vertical relationships” Economics Letters, forthcoming, (2015)
  • Johansen, Bjørn Olav and Tore Nilssen: “The Economics of Retailing Formats: Competition versus Bargaining”, the Journal of Industrial Economics, forthcoming, (2015)
  • Bjorvatn Kjetil, Anna B. Milford and Lars Sørgard: “Farmers, Middlemen and Exporters: A Model of Market Power, Pricing and Welfare in a Vertical Supply Chain”, Review of Development Economics, (2015), 19(1), 31–44.
  • Barlund, Ingrid Margrethe Halvorsen, “Kor fritt står nasjonale styresmakter til å regulere eigen konkurranse i den indre marknad?'”, Tidsskrift for Forretningsjus, (2014).
  • Gabrielsen, Tommy Staahl and Bjørn Olav Johansen: “Buyer power and exclusion in vertically related markets'”, International Journal of Industrial Organization, (2015), p. 1-18.
  • Brekke Kurt, Luigi Siciliani, and Odd Rune Straume, “Hospital competition with soft budgets”, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, forthcoming.
  • Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio: “Centralising Public Procurement and Competitiveness in Directive 2014/24”, European Law Reporter, Issue 4, (2015), p. 119-132
  • Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio: “Competition Law through an Ordoliberal Lens”, Oslo Law Review (2015),Vol. 2, No.2
  • Herrera Anchustegui, Ignacio: EFTA Court case E-24/13 Casino Admiral AG v Wolfgang Egger: the obligation of transparency and consequences of its breach when awarding service concessions, The Public Procurement Law Review, (2015), (1), pgs. NA1-NA9.